Individual and Social Change

The early 60s witnessed a transformative change in the field of psychotherapy from the psychodynamic quasi-disease model to theories founded on psychosocial enablement models. In Social Cognitive Theory guided mastery experiences serve as the principle vehicle of personal and social change. People confront their troublesome realities and are enabled to manage them in ways that improve the quality of their lives. Social problems require social remedies. These approaches also alter detrimental practices of social systems rather that just treat the human casualties of such systems.

Bandura, A. (1988).Perceived self-efficacy:  Exercise of control through self-belief.  In J. Dauwalder, M. Perrez, & V. Hobi (Eds.), Annual series of European research in behavior therapy (Vol. 2, pp. 27-59).  Lisse (NL): Swets & Zeitlinger.
Bandura, A. (2004).Swimming against the mainstream: The early years from chilly tributary to transformative mainstream.  Behavioral Research and Therapy, 42, 613-630.
Bandura, A. (2001). Swimming against the mainstream: The early years in chilly waters. In W. T. O’Donohue, D. A. Henderson, S. C. Hayes, J. E. Fisher, & L. J. Hayes, (Eds.), History of the behavioral therapies: Founders’ personal histories (pp. 163-182). Reno, NV: Context Press.
Bandura, A. (2006). Going global with social cognitive theory: From prospect to paydirt. In S. I. Donaldson, D. E. Berger, & K. Pezdek (Eds.). Applied psychology: New frontiers and rewarding careers (pp. 53-79). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Rosenthal, T. L., & Bandura, A. (1978). Psychological modeling: Theory and practice. In S. L. Garfield & A. E. Bergin (Eds.), Handboof psychotherapy and behavior change (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.k o
Bandura, A. (2017). Transforming criminal lives by positive deterrence. Yale address.


Bandura, A., Jeffery, R. W., & Wright, C. L. (1974). Efficacy of participant modeling as a function of response induction aids. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 83, 56-64.
Bandura, A., Jeffery, R. W., & Gajdos, E. (1975). Generalizing change through participant modeling with self-directed mastery. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 13, 141-152.
Bandura, A., & Adams, N. E. (1977). Analysis of self-efficacy theory of behavioral change. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 1, 287-308.
Bandura, A., Adams N. E., & Beyer, J. (1977). Cognitive processes mediating behavioral change. Journal of Personality and Psychology, 35, 125-139.
Bandura, A., Adams, N. E., Hardy, A. B., & Howells, G. N. (1980).Tests of the   generality of self-efficacy theory.  Cognitive Therapy and Research, 4, 39-66.
Ozer, E., & Bandura, A. (1990). Mechanisms governing empowerment effects: A self-efficacy analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 472-486.
Bandura, A., Blanchard, E. B., & Ritter, B. (1969). Relative efficacy of desensitization and modeling approaches for inducing behavioral, affective, and attitudinal changes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 13, 173-199.
Bandura, A., & Menlove, F. (1968). Factors determining vicarious extinction through symbolic modeling. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 8, 99-108.
Bandura, A., & Barab, P. G. (1973). Processes governing disinhibitory effects through symbolic modeling. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 82, 1-9.


Guided Mastery Treatment of agoraphobia.
Bandura,A., & , L. (In Press) Enlisting the power of youth for climate change. (Video links inside the paper)


Bandura, A. Self-efficacy: The exercise of control (Chapter 8). New York: Freeman, 1997