Most people acknowledge a spiritual aspect to their lives. They seek meaning and social connectedness to something greater than oneself, without being tied to a formal religion or deity. They embrace secular forms of spirituality rather than intrinsic religiosity. The secular forms link spiritual beliefs to spiritual practices that embrace a common sense of humanity. This is expressed in daily living that makes a difference in people's lives. Social Cognitive Theory also addresses the diverse functions of religiosity, the paramount role of spiritual modeling in the development and practice of spirituality, and the effect of divine proxy agency on self-efficacy.

Bandura, A. (2003). On the psychosocial impact and mechanisms of spiritual modeling. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 13, 167-173.